TRAIN TO GAIN

Lean and Not Mean

Becky Holman

You’re happier when you do cardio

If you or someone you know takes antidepressants, exercise may be a better solution. Scientists at the Cooper Institute in Golden, Colorado, did a 12-week study with 80 people who were mildly to moderately depressed. The researchers found that walking a treadmill and riding a stationary bike reduced symptoms of depression by 47 percent; however, only those who worked out for three hours a week got the good-mood ’tude. The benefit may have something to do with increases in serotonin and other brain chemicals that alter mood. So get on that treadmill with a smile.


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Losers Live It Up!

Becky Holman

Losers Live It Up!

After completing a nine-year study of 6,391 overweight and obese subjects, researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that the death rate was 24 percent lower in those who tried to lose weight—even if they failed—than in those who didn’t try to diet down at all. Of course it’s better to actually lose the weight, but apparently the things people do when they try to drop some bodyfat—such as eat more fruits and veggies, scarf down fewer candy bars and exercise—increase longevity.

So pass the cottage cheese and hop on the treadmill.

Weights Against MS

Daniel Curtis

Weights Against MS

According to a recent study, researchers found that 13 people with multiple sclerosis who trained using a customized strength-training program for 16 weeks “had significant improvements in immune function and decreased inflammation, both of which help improve physical performance.”

The subjects also reported feeling as if they had more endurance. Activities of daily living, such as walking and stair climbing, came more easily to them.

Score another one for iron and sweat.

Dairy and the Fat-off Fairy

Becky Holman

Dairy and the Fat-off Fairy

Researchers at the University of Tennessee had overweight subjects eat three servings of yogurt a day. After 12 weeks they lost 61 percent more bodyfat than subjects who ate the same number of calories but didn’t get any dairy foods. According to study author Michael Zemel, it probably has to do with dairy’s property of protecting muscle as fat melts away, as muscle helps the body burn more fat.

An Apple a Day…

Daniel Curtis

An Apple a Day…

Flavonoids are effective antioxidants found primarily in fruits and vegetables. That’s why researchers advise two to four servings of fruit per day and three to five servings of vegetables. A 2002 study that was published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition concluded that “the risk of some chronic diseases may be lower when intake of dietary flavonoids is high.” What’s really interesting is that out of all the foods the researchers evaluated, one stood out as the best for reducing the risk of chronic diseases: apples.

Fast Food, Faster Death?

Jerry Brainum

Fast Food, Faster Death?

Next time you happen to visit a fast-food joint, check out the frying section. That crackling grease can’t be good for you, despite the banners noting that the hot oils contain “no saturated fat.” A new study shows that the heated oils contain something far worse than saturated fat.

The study results were presented at the 2005 American Oil Chemists’ Society meeting in Salt Lake City by researchers from the University of Minnesota. They found that when highly unsaturated vegetable oils are heated at frying temperature—about 365 degrees Fahrenheit—for as little as 30 minutes, a highly toxic compound forms in the oil: HNE, or 4-hydroxy-trans-2-nonenal. The chemical is produced when soy, sunflower and corn oils are heated. Heating soy produces three additional toxic compounds.